Ready for 2nd Attempt: Mars Rover Perseverance
You might have heard about the robot that successfully landed on Mars back in the last few years. Its name is perseverance rover, made by NASA, and its purpose is to collect things that can prove to be informatic for research purposes. The rover mostly collects rocks that are intact to Mars’ surface, at least 0.5m wide and about 2.4 inches long. And now, after all these years, it finally has enough samples that will be collected in a few days. After a lot of struggle, the rover finally scraped about 0.4 inches of a rock named Rochette. It is stated by the team members of the rover that they are ready to drill the Rochette or the targeted rock. From various angles. Thi news just came on 31st August, about 2 days ago.
The real purpose of sending the rover to Mars’ surface was to find any signs of past lives there. On Feb 18th when the rover first landed on Mars, it started searching for signs of past life on Mars and collecting useful things for informative purposes. It landed on the Jezero crater which is about 45 kilometers. When the first rock was collected, the rover tried sending it to the sampling tube, but the rock had different properties, like it started crumbling which rocks never do, and never made it there.
After that, the perseverance drove to a new spot about 455 meters away from the first location, and the new spot was named castle, which in french is a Citadelle. From there the rover found the Rochette and thought of it as a promising target that won’t crumble easily. After that, the rover started sampling the sol path. You might want to know what sol is. Sol is a single day on Mars, and a sol path indicates the activities of the Rover in the last few sols. For your information, a sol day has 39 more minutes as compared to earth’s 24 hours. As for the words I used, sampling the sol path, it means all the processes that took place to sample the Rochette, which takes about a week on Mars for completion.
The rover is made in such a way that it automatically starts collecting any rocks that are cylindrical with about 2.4 inches in height and 0.5 in width. The question arises, how does it collect the rocks? Well, to simply state it, there is a drill attached at the end of the rover’s robotic arm which is 7 feet long. The rover also collects loose rocks, but mostly these rock cores that are intact with the martin are collected.
Whatever the results of studies made by the Perseverance Rover will be brought to earth in the estimated 2030s with the help of the European space agency campaign of NASA. This is so that they can be analyzed thoroughly by scientists and to make discoveries, and maybe it will lead us to learn more about Mars. It is argued that Mars had life on its way before, so the scientists are trying to find clues about it, also the climatic weather of the planet, etc. to get to know Mars better and to have as much information as we could.